Class 3 Assembly
Class 3 delivered an assembly on their topic from last half term: the ancient Egyptians.
It began with an opening about the great inventions made by the Egyptians.
We then had an amusing interlude as our head teacher was mummified, whilst some of the class members described the mummification process in detail.
Some of the girls in Class 3 went on to show the canopic jars and cartouche we had made in class. They also invited parents from the audience to craft the jars in the same way - in a lovely 'Blue Peter' way! You can see photos of the finished products here.
Finally, we ended on an experiment. One of the boys from Class 3 read a myth he had written in class. The group put headphones on some of the parents in the audience stopping them from hearing the myth. Once the myth had been read aloud, those parents then had to retell the myth to one another. As a result, we could see how myths could change being told verbally.
All in all, it was a tremendous effort from Class 3. Well done!
The ancient Egyptians had a strong religious belief that when a person died they would return to an ‘afterlife’. In their belief, the body needed to be preserved so that they could return. Canopic jars were created to contain all of the organs, so that upon entering the afterlife, the person would be complete.
Each of the Canopic jars had a specific purpose and were designed to honor the four sons of Horus. Horus was the Egyptian god of the sky and the contents of the Canopic jars would go along with the person as they passed through and entered the afterlife and protect the remains.
Canopic jars were highly decorated and the top of each jar was a kind of lid or ‘stopper’. Each lid had a representation of the head of each of Horus’ four sons and contained a different organ. They were put into a special chest that was placed in the tomb of the person that had died.
The four jars were:
- Imsety had a human head and carried and protected the liver.
- Qebehsenuf had a falcon’s head and carried and protected the intestines.
- Hapy had the head of a baboon and carried and protected the lungs.
- Duamatef had the head of a jackal and carried and protected the stomach.
Part of the Egyptian religious belief was that as a person prepared to enter the afterlife, they would have to be tested. Their heart would be placed on a scale with a feather on the other side. If the feather was heavier than their heart, they could pass. It was because of this belief that the heart was left in the body and not placed into a jar. They thought the mummified body needed the heart so that it could pass the test.
A cartouche is a name plate. It's usually oval with your name written in the middle of it. A cartouche is attached to your coffin.
The ancient Egyptians wanted to make sure that their two souls - the Ba and the Ka - could find their way back to their tomb at night, after they died. No one wanted their Ba or Ka to get lost.
A cartouche made it very easy for a Ba and Ka to find their way home.
The children made stoppers or lids for their canopic jars. These were made out of clay and were attached to the top of the jars.
A mummification demonstration.
Mr Towe very kindly volunteered to be preserved in the mummification process.
The group went through each stage. Firstly, they removed his brain. Next, came the removal of the vital organs and covering him in spices and oils to disguise the smell. Finally, they wrapped him thoroughly in bandages. Well done Mr Towe.